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Broken glass – research Essay

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Margaret Hyman- Harry Hymans wife, “fair, lusty and energetic”, informative, nosey. She is friendly, likes laughing a complete opposite to Gellburg- it makes him uncomfortable Phillip Gelburg- “slender intense man in his late forties”, patient, secretive, dislikes social situations, unsympathetic The theme of Gellburgs wife’s illness is introduced, and Gellburg indicates he is perhaps either irritated by wife’s condition or the presence of Margaret – uses short brief answers. Gellburg is going to visit Dr Hyman office to receive some results on the test his wife had – she is paralysed and showing no signs of illness at all.

A little background history about the Hymans is given. Reference to places in Brooklyn made –“ocean Parkway”. Opening of scene two from p3 to Gellburg I see p5. Margaret Hyman Dr Hyman-“early fifties”, an inquisitive, factual man “more people die or rat bite you know”, idolises women/wife. Slow thinker Gellburg- he is impressed by Hyman, however some uncertainty towards him is clear A very slight introduction to the theme of Gellburg and Sylvia’s relationship, suggest that’s its perhaps cold “oh… I never thought of it…

” he’s almost unfamiliar with his own wife. Sylvia’s illness is mentioned again – appears to be coping. Audience is introduced to Dr Hyman, Sylvia’s doctor who is investigating her sudden paralysis. Sylvia appears to be coping well, something which Hyman admires. Dr Hyman has the results from Dr Sherman’s tests on Sylvia. Reference to the typicality of the time – a doctor smoking indoors, un fazed by the claimed causes of smoking. p5 Hyman I find this Adolph Hitler… to p6 Gellburg Listen, I sympathise… Hyman –

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Educated in Germany, and shows great sympathy towards the Jews being punished over there, he can’t understand the brutality. Gellburg – suggests he has a short temper and that is almost ashamed of being a Jew, he’s not very sympathetic of the Jews in Germany – he’s very independent. Theme of Sylvia and Gellburgs relationship with one another is touched on – Hyman presents this idea that Sylvia is scared of Philip. The theme of anti-Semitism and Gellburg’s own personal beliefs and his resentment of being Jewish is shown. Also Sylvia’s NAZI fear suggested – it’s almost an obsession of hers.

While Hyman is trying to find the answer within the results, he talks to Gellburg firstly about the Soldiers in Berlin smashing Jewish homes/stores etc, and Sylvia’s concern over it. Gellburg expresses his thoughts on the German Jews, “I know but they’re supposed to be refugees…” he has a negative attitude towards them – Hyman particularly agree. Contextual reference to the Nazis pogroms—state sanctioned, anti-Jewish riots—against the Jewish community of Germany. It was known as “Kristallnacht”, or “night of the broken glass”. Many Jewish homes, businesses, schools, hospitals and synagogues were destroyed.

It can be seen as the first step in anti-Semitism. Also contextual reference to the stigma and accusations attached to the Jews in the 1930’s. p7 Hyman (cutting him of)… to p9 Gellburg That’s the way I am… Hyman – shows more intrigue in Gellburgs relationship, he reasons behind his questions are not yet revealed but cause audience interest. He isn’t sure of how/what is causing the hysteria. Gellburg – he is shown to be a very forward and assertive man; he likes to know the facts He is difficult to talk to. Gellburg becomes “tense” and “flushed” by the mention of his marital relationship.

Gellburg is proud of his wife, however the tension and the fact they only “get on very well” suggests some issues. Sylvia’s paralysis is hysterical, in relation to “people who are anxious enough or really frightened can imagine they’ve gone blind or deaf” – Gellburg is finding it difficult to understand. Sylvia and Gellburgs relationship is discussed – Gellburg speaks very highly of Sylvia but Hyman senses some tension around the discussion of their relationship. Dr Hyman believes that Sylvia’s paralysis is hysterical and psychological, however he is unsure what is causing it.

Gellburg questions Sylvia’s mental stability. p9 Hyman You’re in… to p10 slight pause Hyman- he is against the “psychiatry rigmarole”. He likes get ‘stuck in’ with work- likes to get straight to the point. Gellburg –He is proud of his profession. He is embarrassed about talking about his sexual relationship with his wife. He shows his disapproval of the actions in Germany/Judaism. Again the theme of relationship. Sylvia and Gellburg have relations “twice, three times a week” Theme of the situation in Germany and how it’s in the papers across the world. Also the theme of Sylvia’s paralysis.

It’s revealed Gellburg is “the head of Mortgage Department of Brooklyn Guarantee and Trust. ” Hyman plans to treat Sylvia in his own way. The sexual relationship of Gellburg and Sylvia is queried as Hyman believes sex is linked to the paralysis – Gellburg claims to have relations “twice, three times a week”. Gellburg believes it is the pictures of the anti-sematic actions in Germany in the papers is what has caused the hysteria –“she scares herself to death with them” Contextual link to Anti- Semitism occurred in America as well despite the Jewish community being greater than the Christian community.

There we no laws passed against the Jews to prevent them from doing things – it was personal prejudice. Also , contextual link to the pogroms in Germany p10 slight pause to p13 Hyman I don’t know… Gellburg – He becomes very emotional when describing the fall.. However he then becomes doubtful of his own wife. He denounces other Jews for not succeeding as he has done. His lack of humour, his brutish, snappy impatience, and paranoiac intensity make him dislikeable to the audience. Hyman- is becoming more inquisitive, he likes to know about people, what they do etc.

The theme of work plays a part, Gellburg is very proud with the position he is in –“I’m the only Jew ever worked for Brooklyn Guarantee in their whole history. ” Although a contradiction, the theme of Gellburgs Judaism. The theme of Sylvia’s illness – the emotional side it (how she’s reacting, it’s also suggested she is almost faking the paralysis) Gellburg recalls the night Sylvia collapsed and became paralysed – “her legs turned to butter. I couldn’t stand her up. Kept falling around like a rag doll…” Gellburg explains his work, and expresses his pride of being “the only Jew ever worked for Brooklyn Guarantee in their whole history.

” Hyman suggests that Sylvia is subconsciously scared causing her paralysis. Gellburg however questions whether or not his wife is “doing it against me”. Context reference to the American economy In the 1930’s. In 1928 the wall street crash left America in a great depression due to the crash in the stock market. p13 Gellburg (stares for a long moment…) to p14 Gellburg turns and goes… Hyman-clearly a man of science does not believe in possessions or “dybbuk”. Gellburg- he comes across as uneasy, “deeply disturbed”, he has a short temper, and he’s quick to assume “you’re not blaming this on me, are you?

”. We also learn his is perhaps old morale as his “parents were from the old country” Theme of relationship- Hyman believes that “a lot of loving” is needed to help Sylvia and her Paralysis (another theme). Unsure of what to make of the results of his wife’s tests, he even questions whether she has been possessed. Hyman wants to treat Sylvia “unconventionally”. Gellburg leaves. In Jewish folklore, a dybbuk is a malicious possessing spirit, believed to be the dislocated soul of a dead person. p14 Margaret That’s one miserable pisser… to end of scene.

Margaret- likes to be romanced by Hyman. Very concerning over her husband. A good judgment of character. Hyman- Determined man “full enthusiasm” regarding the mystery surrounding the illness. He likes to romance women. He has a good heart- likes to help even though he’s doubtful he can Gellburg –Highly controlling man, “He’s a dictator”, and “miserable”. Sylvia’s illness: Hyman isn’t sure how to treat her, and promises his wife that if it becomes too much that he will refer her. Margaret comments of Gellburgs character “That’s one miserable pisser”, and that “he’s a dictator”.

Hyman is doubtful of his ability to treat Sylvia; however he is determined to continue due to sheer fascination. The scene ends on a empty promise to refer Sylvia to another doctor if its becomes too serious and Hyman and Margaret become intimate. Reference to American culture/cinema at the time – “at the Beverly they’ve got Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire. Jimmy Cagney’s at the Rialto but it’s another gangster story. ” Scene Two p15 Next evening to p18 Sylvia Yes. Sylvia- “She is mid-forties, a buxom, capable, and warm woman. ” She is a sensitive woman, and doesn’t like to be a burden on anyone.

Is she attracted to Hyman? Harriet- is Sylvia’s younger sister, she isn’t as intelligent as her sister, and she doesn’t understand Sylvia’s reasoning. The theme of Sylvia’s illness, she can feel something “…but inside not on the skin. (Looks at legs. ) I can harden the muscles but I can’t lift them. (Strokes her thighs. ) I seem to have an ache. Not only here but… (She runs her hands down her trunk. ) My whole body seems… I can’t describe it. It’s like I was just born and I… didn’t want to come out yet. Like a deep, terrible aching…”suggests perhaps her paralysis is emotional?

Theme of Nazi Germany: it angers Sylvia, the poor Jewish men remind her of her grandfather- it disturbs her. Sylvia’s sister Harriet is visiting her, to run some errands for Sylvia – she is “pale” and Harriet questions whether she has been eating and Sylvia’s fascination with newspapers. Harriet is doubtful of Hyman. Sylvia explains her illness into more depth, and how/why the newspapers are distressing her – the old men scrubbing the flood remind her of her grandfather, she sympathises with them. In November 1938, a Nazi ‘diplomat’ was shot dead by a Jew in Paris.

Hitler ordered a seven day campaign of terror against the Jews in Germany to be organised by Himmler and the SS. On the 10th November, the campaign started. 10,000 shops owned by Jews were destroyed and their contents stolen. Homes and synagogues were set on fire and left to burn. A huge amount of damage was done to Jewish property but the Jewish community was ordered to pay a one billion mark fine to pay for the eventual clear-up. Jews were forced to scrub the streets clean. p18 Sylvia returns to p 20 Gellburg It’s only a colour… Gellburg – he has a Stern, harsh and forbidding presence.

He is only proud of being Jewish when there is reason to be proud (i. e. only Jew in the army) Sylvia – a very emotional, concerned woman and has a slightly reserved attitude towards Gellburg. Sylvia’s paralysis: she feels like she is a burden on Gellburg- being overly apologetic, something which causes annoyance to Gellburg and strain to their “relationship”. (another theme) Gellburg arrives home, he has a letter from the General of his son Jerome rank – Jerome has been given the honour of giving a lecture on artillery in Fort Still. Gellburg is overwhelmed with pride, as Jerome could be the first Jewish general in the US army.

Sylvia is resentful – she is concerned about his welfare. Sylvia keeps apologising for her burden she feels she is putting on Gellburg. Gellburg reveals he saw Hyman last night, and that he wants to change. He wants to teach Sylvia to drive. Slight link to the stigma’s that were attached to being Jewish –“ I wanted to see that a Jew doesn’t have to be a Lawyer or a Doctor or a businessman. ” p21 Sylvia Tell me… to p24 end of the scene. Sylvia- she is unhappy in her relationship – she only stayed for “her mother”, “for Jerome”. She also regrets marriage.

Her illness takes its toll; she is frightened by the mystery surrounding it. Gellburg: he is also very miserable, impotent and hasn’t had relations with his wife for years. Only out of fear he stayed in the relationship. Sylvia and Philips relationship/marriage: they haven’t been a couple in years- Gellburg resents marriage it is clear they are merely just living together- not married. Philips incompetence has put a strain on their relationship – perhaps even Sylvia’s health? Is she frightened by him? Sylvia’s illness: remains unchanged, when Philip eggs her on to walking heated discussion she falls to the ground.

Gellburg explains that Dr Hyman believes that her paralysis is psychological, and caused by fear- fear, which Gellburg believes, is due to the newspapers. Sylvia believes “it’s ridiculous. I can’t move my legs from reading a newspaper? ” When Gellburg attempts to comfort her, she believes she’s dying, that there is no hope. Phillip tries to change their relationship but Sylvia believes “it’s too late for that… It hasn’t happened in years”- Philip is impotence. Philip regrets marriage – they haven’t had a relationship for years. He eggs her to try and walk but she collapses on the floor.

In November 1938, a Nazi ‘diplomat’ was shot dead by a Jew in Paris. Hitler ordered a seven day campaign of terror against the Jews in Germany to be organised by Himmler and the SS. On the 10th November, the campaign started. 10,000 shops owned by Jews were destroyed and their contents stolen. Homes and synagogues were set on fire and left to burn. A huge amount of damage was done to Jewish property but the Jewish community was ordered to pay a one billion mark fine to pay for the eventual clear-up. Jews were forced to scrub the streets clean. Characters Key themes Plot development Reference to context.

Scene Three p24 Opening of sceneDr Hyman’s office… to p25 Hyman Yes. But in a way… Harriet –adores Hyman and the work he had done for her cousin. She is attentive, nosey, almost a gossip although she has reservations of whether to tell Hyman anything. Hyman – he adore female attention. He is mystified, confused by Sylvia’s paralysis, he is interested in finding out about Phillip and Sylvia’s relationship The events in Germany are mentions in reference to the paper Sylvia has obsession with. Harriet goes to see Dr Hyman – he explains how physiologically, her numbness doesn’t make sense.

Hyman used to treat Harriet’s cousin, Roslyn Fein who had a crush on him. Since the collapse, Sylvia acts like “this is how she wants to be”, and that’s its only “last couple of weeks” she has had the fascination with Germany despite it “being across the ocean”. Reference made again to the NAZI and actions taken against Jews in Germany. (mentioned in previous context) p25 Hyman Yes. But in a way… to p27Something darkens Harriet’s expression… Harriet- Doesn’t withhold on her opinions, which are suggested as general ones of everybody.

Hyman – he is piecing together and trying to work out who Phillip is, what he’s like, is it’s something to do with Sylvia’s paralysis? He is shocked by how Philip has treated Sylvia. Harriet discusses Gellburg and Sylvia’s relationship ? she explains Phillips brash side and how he took is anger out on Sylvia by hitting her with a steak. Their relationship isn’t stable. Gellburgs hatred of himself being a Jew and his awareness of anti-Semitism is picked up. Hyman asks questions about Philips personality and his relationship with Sylvia.

Harriet regards him as a “prune”, lies about him being “sweet” and discloses how no one like to be around him ,especially with opinions that go against his “republican” thoughts. “I don’t understand him and I never will. ” Harriet reveals when Philip and Sylvia came close to separation when “he hit her with a steak” because it was “overdone” –“the whole thing is very strange”. p27Something darkens Harriet’s expression…to the end of the scene Harriet – although haunted by the account, she feels sympathy towards Philip and her sister despite her not liking Philip very much. Philip despite everything is a good man.

Hyman – is with further confusion – they’re marriage does not make sense. Again in further detail the theme of Sylvia and Phillips relationship. Despite their fights and abuse, he still adores her – something which causes great confusion amongst everyone. Harriet tells Hyman of one Christmas when Sylvia was joking about some “very French” postcards, Phillip threw her up the stairs and “screamed” at her and everyone else ? all because, it is suggested, he is impotent. However, Harriet explains that “the expression on that man’s face when he’s watching her- it could almost break your heart…He adore her!

” Scene Four Complete scene Case –“He has great natural authority, an almost childishly naive self-assurance”, he has a lot of trust in Gellburg. However, anti-Semitism is hinted “it’s surprising for one of you people” Gellburg: admires and trusts Case, hard worker, enjoys the satisfaction of being right. The theme of Gellburgs obsession with work. It shows his emphasis for detail and how he adores praise and appreciation of all his work/findings. Gellburg stops by the office to offer advice on a property and to also boast about the progress of his son in the army.

He suggest that case stay away from building 611 due to hearsay issues that Wannamaker’s- a popular business is going and that 611 is a bad building. He is thanked and offered a brandy. Anti-Semitism in America reached its peak during the interwar period. Car manufacturer Henry Ford propagated anti-Semitic ideas in his newspaper The Dearborn Independent. The radio speeches of Father Coughlin in the late 1930s attacked Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal and promoted the notion of a Jewish financial conspiracy. views were also shared by politicians; Louis T.

McFadden, Chairman of the United States House Committee on Banking and Currency, blamed Jews for Roosevelt’s decision to abandon the gold standard, and claimed that “in the United States today, the Gentiles have the slips of paper while the Jews have the lawful money Scene Five p32 start of scene to p33 Sylvia Well you mustn’t get anyone… Sylvia – her mood changes around Hyman, she becomes flirtatious, anticipated, when he comes closer or touches her. Hyman- he is excited by Sylvia, he repeats how “beautiful” she is and how she have “moved “him. It’s clear they have feelings for one another.

Sylvia and Hymans relationship: the theme of their relationship and development of their emotions for one another plays an important role, as it shows Sylvia’s desire to be loved. Sylvia’s paralysis has no improvement despite the coaxing words of Hyman, she simply can’t move her legs. Hyman comes to visit Sylvia – he checks upon her legs; She can’t feel touch or move them. Sylvia is excited by his presence, as is Hyman by her and so feels he should refer her to another doctor as he claims he hasn’t “been moved by a woman in a very long time”. Sylvia disapproves.

p33 Sylvia Well you mustn’t get anyone… to p34 Hyman Are you afraid right now? Sylvia –Anxious around him Her “eyes show fear” when Philip is mentioned Hyman – revealed he had many lovers in his youth. He is vain. Cares a lot about Sylvia. Sylvia does not know the overall answer as to she is feeling the way she does, why she can’t move her legs. Relationship: When Hyman mentions Philip at random he notices fear in her eyes ? key to her paralysis? Disruption in marriage? Hyman tries to press for an answer as to what is bothering her, but she doesn’t know. Hyman feels defeated; he doesn’t know what to do.

Sylvia begs for patience, and they change topic onto Hymans youth, but when Hyman mentions Philip, “Sylvia’s eyes show fear”. p34 Hyman Are you afraid right now? to p36 Sylvia Tell me about Germany. Sylvia – She enjoys reminiscing about the past (suggests that they were better times. ) She has great desire to talk to Hyman/to be loved. Hyman- also likes remembering about his past in Germany, he likes women’s attention and is suggested he find sit difficult to say no to Sylvia. Illness: She tries to avoid questions on the subject almost as though she has convinced herself she will never walk again. She likes the company of Hyman.

Relationship: Sylvia resents the fact she was forced to give up work, almost as though it took her freedom. But the fact that she is seeking “love” or attention from Hyman by kissing him, suggests that her marriage is not satisfying her needs. Sylvia tells Hyman of how she met Phillip, when they married and how he forced her not got to work despite her wanting to. She enjoys talking to Hyman. Sylvia reveals that Hyman makes her feel hope full of herself – she kisses his palm and he sweeps her hair back. He resists her by staying away, he tries to encourage her to move her legs but she gives us – she just can’t move them.

She asks to know about Germany (of Hymans Past). p36 Sylvia Tell me about Germany to the end of the scene. Sylvia- She is silenced by fear, she wants to talk and express things but she knows that Philip disagrees. She feels comfortable and open with Hyman, something she does normally feel. Hyman – Links back to how he believes love/sex is linked to her secret illness. He uses it to try and get her to open up (intelligent/inquisitive. ) Germany – Sylvia constantly refers back to the events in Germany. But Hymen isn’t convinced this is her only fear.

Gellburgs hatred of himself being a Jew and his awareness of anti-Semitism is picked up. Hyman studied medicine in Germany because American medical school have “high quotas for Jews”. Sylvia feels great sympathy and almost empathises with the Jews in the times. No one talks about it with her, Philip only jokes about Jews. She is frightened inside. Hyman asks Sylvia to pretend they have made love and that she is telling him all her secrets. He leaves and she is left thinking. Certain universities, most notably Harvard, introduced policies which effectively placed a quota on the number of Jews admitted to the university.

This reached its height in the 1920s and has now died out to the point that 28% of the Ivy League student population is Jewish Scene Six p38 Hyman’s Office to p38 Gellburg I’m kind of upset… Gellburg- he’s nervous, lost weight , sighs a lot – he snaps rudely at Margret when she tries to help Margret- pry’s into the business of Gellburg, she notices changes in Gellburg. Sylvia’s illness: there are been change since Hymans last visit. Gellburg visits Hymans office. While waiting Margaret notices he has lost weight and that he is sighs a lot.

There is no change in Sylvia. Gellburg snaps, he is “upset”.p38 Hyman enters… to p40 Gellburg Listen… Gellburg- His quick to judge nature is reflected again into the discussion – he is elf conscious about what Sylvia may or may not have said. Hyman – “the openness of this hostility mystifies Hyman who becomes apologetic” Relationship: Appears that Gellburg is attempting to fix their relationship, however Gellburg leads us to doubtfully believe it is only a recent occurrence. Gellburg confides with Hyman that he is going to have sex with Sylvia. He claims they haven’t been together “for the last two week” and “some time before that”.

Hyman suggests that love is the key to her being well, as women who aren’t feeling loved is “lost”. Gellburg takes offence. Characters Key themes Plot development Reference to context p40 Gellburg Listen…to p41 Hyman Good! Gellburg- he is full of such anger and doubt, his reasoning is difficult to understand for Hyman, but he does trust him Hyman – He questions everything he hears. Illness: Gellburg almost uses the paralysis as an excuse for their lack of relationship, as though it is being used to defy him. Marriage: Suggests that he doesn’t trust his wife ? no trust weak marriage.

Gellburg asks to be put in touch with a specialist for himself (his impotence). Hyman believes Gellburg is stressed (due to sighing). Gellburg thinks that her paralyse is being done on purpose, he’s wondering “if she gets out and walks around when I leave the house. ” He is suspicious of what Sylvia and Hyman talk about, despite that he claims “I do trust you. ” p41 Hyman Good! To p43 Shaken, Hyman… Gellburg – He is vein liar, he will say anything to protect himself and his image. He tries to blame her paralysis on her madness because he may know that he is the reason for it.

Hyman –He is out of his depth Relationship- this again suggests a very poor and weak relationship. He takes his personal weakness out on his both others and his marriage.. Gellburg confides in Hyman that he has trouble with impotence. Hyman comforts Gellburg that its nothing to worry about, and that he shouldn’t worry that she is expecting more. .Facing increasing recognition of his own impotence and weakness, he tries to hide it behind the lie that he made love to his wife, but that she then rejected him by cruelly claiming to have forgotten the experience altogether within hours of its occurrence.

p43 Shaken, Hyman… to p44 Gellburg I am deciding… Gellburg- is angry, frustrated and physically sick of Hymans indecisiveness and by the idea that his wife is trying to destroy him. Hyman – he is out of his depth, unable to say the answer Gellburg is looking for. He is sus pious of his claim of making love with Sylvia. Relationship – It seems as though Sylvia and Gellburg don’t know each other anymore. Gellburg is so caught up in the lies that he is ruining his wife’s only happiness of seeing Hyman. Sylvia claims that Gellburg had “imagined doing it” as an act of spite and that she is trying to “destroy” him.

Hyman doesn’t know what to say, in fear he is out of his depth. Gellburg is furious, storms out of the office forbidding Sylvia to be treated by Hyman again. p44 Gellburg I am deciding…to end of the scene Hyman- he believes anything a woman tells him. He is ambitious, has a drive to figure out the mystery Margaret- is doubtful of him ever finding an answer. She believes he is out of his depth and should referred to another doctor – for once Hyman is not taking her advice. Illness- Hyman believes something big is causing the illness, something which she is scared to admit it.

Driven by this idea that Sylvia knows something key, he is full of determination to find out what it is that is making her so scared that she is paralysed. Margaret id doubtful – she simply believes she mad and that she should be referred. Scene Seven p46 start of the scene to end of the scene p48 Case – angry at the fact he has lost out on a property with potential – he blames Gellburg. Gellburg – Quick with explanation, he hates to be in a position where his work is criticized. Gellburgs obsession with work is clear because when he fails and becomes in trouble it is a great blow to him and his self-esteem.

Gellburg and Case have a heated discussion, the building Case wanted which Gellburg had told him information on was false, causing friction and tension between the two. Gellburg becomes progressively ill under stress– he “is left open mouthed, one hand raised to bring back his life. ” Scene Eight p49 Start of the scene to p51Hyman (forced to give up).. Sylvia – likes sharing things with Hyman, she likes to listen to. Hyman –wants to help to the best of his ability, but he is finding it a struggle, he can’t cope he needs assistance. Ill ness- “I’ve learned that your kind of symptoms come from deep within the mind.

I would have to deal with your dreams to get any results, your deepest secret feelings, you understand? That is not my training. ” Hyman visits Sylvia, he compliments her hair and perfume (much to Sylvia’s delight) and they discuss about their childhood. Hyman says that “I’ve learned that your kind of symptoms come from deep within the mind. I would have to deal with your dreams to get any results, your deepest secret feelings, you understand? That is not my training. ”

Despite this Sylvia wishes for Hyman to hear of her dream. p51Hyman (forced to give up)..to p52 Sylvia I feel like I’m losing… Sylvia – her obsessions with the NAZI pogroms have become greater – she is now dreaming every night of being attacked. Hyman – is greatly concerned for the welfare of Sylvia. Germany – the events in Germany have affected her dreams, like what Hyman said “the people in the pictures seem real to her. ” Her dream is in black and white of a town (just like the pictures in the paper), within it, she is being chased, and then is mounted by a man who kisses her and cuts of her breasts. She thinks its Philip but it’s not. Sylvia becomes emotional, and embraces and kisses Hyman on the mouth.

Pogroms in Germany, as written in previous boxes ^ p52 Sylvia I feel like I’m losing… to p54 Sylvia (with bitter irony)… Sylvia- she is furious over the suggestion that she is mentally unstable and that her husband would create such a lie. Hyman Marriage ? is weak; they haven’t had relations in over 20years, unusual for a couple of their age. Key reason for their poor relationship. Hyman asks Sylvia whether they had relations the other night- she has no idea what he is talking about as they haven’t been intimate with one another for 20 years just after their son was born.

Gellburg suffered from impotence since a young age and they were never able to have sex – despite them seeing a rabbi. It caused a huge strain on their marriage, they were close to divorce. p54 Sylvia (with bitter irony)… to p57 Gellburg enters Sylvias – a very fearful, timid and frail women. She is driven by Hyman to attempt to walk again. Hyman –He tries leave and calm Sylvia down and keep a distance between them because he knows of Sylvia’s flirtatious intentions. Illness – she scared of psychiatry treatment because to her it would mean that she is crazy and also of what Gellburg might do he found out Hyman had come to visit.

She seeks comfort from Hyman when she panics over the newspapers. (events in Germany) Hyman asks if he can bring a specialist to see her- but she is scared of psychiatry and seeks comfort and assistance from Hyman for when Gellburg returns. She is scared of what he may do, as he is in trouble with Case at work. She then begins to panic about the Germans, whom of which Hyman believes are nothing to be scared of as “it will all pass! ” She panics further about it reaching the US, and what they do with the Jews. She can’t understand why they don’t runway- Hyman is flustered, out of his depth.

Sylvia faints as she attempts to take a step off the bed. 10,000 shops owned by Jews were destroyed and their contents stolen. Homes and synagogues were set on fire and left to burn. A huge amount of damage was done to Jewish property but the Jewish community was ordered to pay a one billion mark fine to pay for the eventual clear-up. Jews were forced to scrub the streets clean. Holocaust (in two boxes below) p57 Gellburg enters to p58 Hyman gives Gellburg a quick… Sylvia Hyman – shows a concern for Sylvia but a suggestive slight hatred towards Gellburg and the way he’s treated her.

Gellburg – Concerned for Sylvia Illness ? even though she began to walk there is further improvement. They rush to her assistance. Hyman exclaims he is here because “she is desperate to be loved! ” Sylvia tries to move her legs but nothing happens. p58 Hyman gives Gellburg a quick… to p59 They are silent… Sylvia – Gellburg doesn’t want to talk to her, he shuts her out so she kicks him out of their marital bed. Gellburg – he doesn’t understand his wife, or her thoughts. He pushes her too hard. He is greatly upset by the banning from his bed. Relationship ?

they no longer sleep in the same bed – she bans him. Sylvia exclaims that she nearly walked, that it was/is Hyman who can help her walk again. Gellburg disagrees and questions her tone, and calls her “crazy”. Sylvia forbids him to sleep with her again, after he misunderstands the concept of the Jewish children being beaten. She argues at him for lying about their relations, upsetting Gellburg who weeps “you will kill me…” The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

“Holocaust” is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire. ” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. Characters Key themes Plot development Reference to context p59 They are silent… to the end of the scene Sylvia- resentful of her life. Gellburg – Begrudging on everyone and everything. He always feels as though it is his fault – self pity. Anti-Feminist ?

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